Generally speaking Hybrids are, to be diplomatic, a bit pap aren’t they? I mean, have you actually ever seen fuel consumption figures (and I mean actual fuel consumption figures, not the manufacturer ones) from a Hybrid that have been genuinely impressive? Figures that you couldn’t get from a carefully driven diesel and make up for the fact that Hybrids are, according to a report on popsci.com, consuming supplies of rare earth metals at a rather alarming rate? I haven’t.
There’s a very good reason for this, and the explanation is ingrained in the history of the motorcar. It’s on display since the very first time a cart turned a wheel without the help of a large mammal… or maybe a slave. In fact, now that I think about it, it’s evident in the history of technology and innovation itself – from the space shuttle to the computer.
Do not touch what you cannot afford
Look back at any piece of automotive technology and where the application has appeared first or been most effective. Every single one of them has appeared at the top of the tree in an almost ‘money no object’ car. The S-Class is an exception, but even that is a high end car. In fact, long before the car became a form of mass private transportation it was a play thing of the rich. The money they were willing to pay for the privilege of being able to rip around their estates at a neck-snapping 17mph meant that manufacturers had an incentive to make the technology work better, making the older technology more accessible, obsolete and, therefore, cheaper.
The list of technology that has filtered down from high price applications would basically be a list of everything that appears on modern, affordable, cars: ABS, light-weight alloy wheels (remember how rare those were in the early nineties?), disc brakes, turbochargers, superchargers, independent suspension, etc, etc. Even tyres benefit from this ‘top down’ paradigm.
Engine technology is exactly the same. No matter what the environmental set would like people to believe, we know that an engine that generates 500bhp from 6.2 naturally aspirated litres is a massively efficient donkey. Figure out how to get more power from a given amount of petrol for the people willing to pay £50k for a car and you’re figuring out how to make the petrol engines lower down the range far more frugal. To give an idea of the pace of progress the twin-turbo, 5.5 litre 536bhp V8 in the current CL63 generates just 7g/km more CO2 than the Mark 1 Focus RS, which had a two litre turbocharged four with 200bhp.
The only piece of automotive tech that I can think of that hasn’t taken this tried and tested route to mainstream success and, when you think about it, is the only piece of road car technology that is a bit rubbish is the Hybrid power train.
The first mass-produced Hybrid was the original Toyota Prius. It wasn’t exactly cheap, costing around $30k to produce, even though it was sold for around half that in Japan. And there’s your first problem: the manufacturer was forced to lose money on every car it sold in order to get it to market. That’s hardly an incentive for other manufacturers to dive in to the market and start some kind of efficiency race, driving the technology forward, is it?
Either way, it was very much aimed at the mass market and was built down to a price point. And so are its competitors.
I wonder how different things would have been if the technology had been developed by supercar manufacturers? Imagine if Ferrari had got stuck into Hybrid technology back in the late nineties? Or if Audi had used Lamborghinis as a test bed for high performance Hybrid drivetrains and got into a massive fight with the Red Car Company offering ever smaller petrol motors with ever more powerful electric motors as the Hybrid tech improved? Pushed the boundaries of battery technology – forcing suppliers to reduce weight and increase capacity. Imagine if they had picked up photovoltaic coatings. Can you imagine what it would have been like if F1 had committed to Hybrid technology (properly) ten years ago?! Where would we be now?
Anyway, this is why I think the 918 Spyder is a far more important car than the coverage it has been getting suggests. Porsche had dealt the first Hybrid-powered blow to the supercar market, and it’s a whopping great big haymaker. Here is a genuinely beautiful car (not some weird quasi-futuristic design abomination that most Hybrid car manufacturers seem inclined to produce) that has 738bhp and will, according to Porsche, out-mpg a Toyota Prius if you drive it sensibly.
How long will Ferrari be able to resist? Lamborghini? Pagani and Koenigsegg? Not long I suspect and, as these guys start producing Hybrid cars whose sole purpose is to smash the faces in of their competitors rather than sell millions, Hybrid powertrains will, after ten years on the market, finally be at the point at which they should have started.
Where will we be in another ten years? I have no idea, but I’d bet my life that as Hybrid supercars start appearing on the market batteries and electric motors will be more mind-blowingly advanced than we could have ever imagined. Perhaps then we’ll get a Hybrid (or even fully electric) car at the sub £30k price point that actually works better than one with an internal combustion engine.
P.S. As a dyed-in-the-wool petrol head, I find the fact that noises like this, this and this are destined to disappear at some point in the near future deeply upsetting and basically everything I wrote in those last four paragraphs had me crying into the keyboard. But, as a tech-head, I also find the development of the technology to be depressingly slow.